Saturday, April 29, 2006

National Poetry Month

Yesterday, I wrote a bit about poetic forms, and will continue that today. One of the most popular forms is the Japanese haiku, which, unfortunately, has been distorted by Westerners so that it is often not really haiku at all. Other Japanese forms include the tanka and the senryu.

There are several types of sonnets, but the two most common are the Shakespearian and the Petrarchan. Forms we do not hear much about include the quaterne, the terzanelle, and the rondelet, and there are also forms even rarer than these. An especially interesting form is the ghazal, which contains, among other things, a couplet involving the poet's signature.

A very good book on forms is The Making Of a Poem, edited by Mark Strand and Eavan Boland. Another good one is All the Fun In How You Say A Thing: An Explanation of Meter & Versification, by Timothy Steele.

Forms evolve with a culture. The sestina was invented by 12th Century troubadours, who entertained by singing strictly formed poems which repeated key words. The sonnet originated in the courts of Sicily. Francesco Petrarca, a Tuscan poet, strung together a sequence of these short poems, which were extremely popular. Blank verse, which people identify with Shakespeare and therefore assume to be English, also originated in Italy. The conversational meter of blank verse made it a natural form for Shakespeare to use in his plays. Likewise, the villanelle was created in Italian harvest fields. Most of the forms with which we are familiar, however, came to us directly from France, regardless of where they originated.

Today's popular hip hop poetry (sometimes called slam poetry because it is often read at poetry slams), a derivative of jazz poetry--though not a form in the structured sense of the word--is nevertheless a style of poetry that has evolved with our American culture.

Here is a quaterne, originally published by Poets Against War:

History Lesson
By Diane E. Dees

Ancient heads of stone have fallen,
shattered by the desperate mobs
who, for decades starved and battered,
took no comfort in their relics.

Liberators ignore the past;
ancient heads of stone have fallen.
The book that tells of Babylon
is missing pages forever.

Gone the Korans, gone the tablets--
taken quickly in broad daylight.
Ancient heads of stone have fallen;
history no longer matters.

Our oldest civilization
now a mass of shards and rubble;
those who clean up take no notice.
Ancient heads of stone have fallen.

4 Comments:

nike air max, red bottom shoes, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton handbags, cheap ugg boots, christian louboutin, gucci handbags, longchamp handbags, ray ban outlet, michael kors outlet, nike outlet, christian louboutin outlet, ugg boots clearance, prada handbags, tiffany jewelry, oakley vault, ray ban sunglasses, cheap oakley sunglasses, longchamp outlet online, prada outlet, michael kors handbags, polo ralph lauren, louis vuitton outlet, ugg australia, louis vuitton, michael kors outlet store, louis vuitton outlet, jordan shoes, replica watches, michael kors outlet online, nike free, burberry outlet online, tiffany and co, christian louboutin shoes, ray ban sunglasses, ugg outlet, michael kors outlet online sale, michael kors outlet online, chanel handbags, burberry outlet online, kate spade outlet online, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, polo ralph lauren outlet, replica watches, tory burch outlet online

By Blogger oakleyses, at 8:49 PM  

north face pas cher, nike air max, nike free, vans pas cher, scarpe hogan, nike free pas cher, air max pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, sac vanessa bruno, air jordan, mulberry uk, converse pas cher, coach purses, michael kors uk, lacoste pas cher, longchamp pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, new balance pas cher, louboutin, hermes pas cher, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, ray ban pas cher, true religion outlet, coach outlet store online, ray ban uk, coach outlet, true religion jeans, timberland pas cher, oakley pas cher, nike air force, nike roshe, tn pas cher, ralph lauren uk, north face, michael kors canada, longchamp, true religion, true religion outlet, hollister, hollister uk, abercrombie and fitch, michael kors, nike roshe run, air max, burberry pas cher, coach outlet, lululemon outlet online, kate spade outlet, guess pas cher

By Blogger oakleyses, at 8:52 PM  

soccer shoes, p90x workout, beats headphones, bottega veneta, longchamp, iphone 6s cases, lululemon outlet, babyliss, vans outlet, baseball bats, instyler ionic styler, valentino shoes, new balance outlet, jimmy choo shoes, hollister clothing store, ipad cases, soccer jerseys, insanity workout, iphone 6s plus cases, chi flat iron, mac cosmetics, mont blanc pens, nike air huarache, nike roshe, celine handbags, iphone 6 cases, ghd, ferragamo shoes, wedding dresses, louboutin, iphone 6 plus cases, s6 cases, nike air max, iphone 5s cases, oakley, nfl jerseys, iphone cases, hollister, giuseppe zanotti, timberland boots, abercrombie and fitch, asics shoes, nike trainers, ralph lauren, reebok shoes, herve leger, north face jackets, mcm handbags, north face jackets, birkin bag

By Blogger oakleyses, at 8:53 PM  

uggs canada, links of london uk, hollister canada, moncler, swarovski jewelry, moncler, ray ban, pandora jewelry, moncler, coach outlet, doke gabbana outlet, moncler, moncler, barbour, canada goose outlet, louis vuitton pas cher, michael kors handbags, louis vuitton canada, sac louis vuitton, montre femme, michael kors outlet online, pandora charms, toms outlet, ugg, canada goose pas cher, michael kors outlet, pandora jewelry, moncler outlet, juicy couture outlet, vans, ugg soldes, pandora uk, ugg, karen millen, sac lancel, converse, canada goose outlet, canada goose, canada goose, louis vuitton, marc jacobs handbags, canada goose, moncler outlet, supra shoes, converse shoes, air max, canada goose outlet, ugg boots, gucci, swarovski uk, barbour jackets

By Blogger oakleyses, at 8:56 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home